Unemployment a Risk for Elderly Workforce in the Netherlands after Reforms in Early Exit
HELSINKI--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Sep 20, 2018--According to a fresh dissertation, retirement is a long-term process rather than a single event. A comparison between the Netherlands and Finland by Senior Researcher Aart-Jan Riekhoff (Finnish Centre for Pensions) shows that retirement includes multiple transitions that take place over several years.
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âMany people get some other type of pension or benefit before they retire on an old-age pension. In the Netherlands and Finland unemployment or sickness often result in an early, permanent exit from the labour market. The risks tend to add up over the life course for people with a low education level, insecure jobs and low earnings,â Riekhoff explains.
Education reduces the risk of early exit
Riekhoff has followed the employment lives of workers in the Netherlands and Finland from their mid-fifties until retiremen t. Welfare and pension systems are similar in many regards in both countries. It is possible to retire early or late. Many people also retire after longer spells of sickness, disability and unemployment.
âLooking at the factors that contribute to each of the trajectories, it is clear that a higher education reduces the risk of involuntary early exit in both the Netherlands and Finland, Riekhoff says.
More transitions between work and benefits
Following the benefit and pension reforms, elderly workers in the two countries tend to stay in employment longer. Whereas late careers have remained relatively sta ble in Finland, there has been a slight increase in transitions between work and benefits in the years before the retirement age of 65 in the Netherlands.
âThis might be due to the stricter criteria that applied after the introduction of the new disability benefit legislation (WIA) in 2006 as well as to the abolishing of extended unemployment benefits in 2003 and the tightening of job search requirements for older workers in 2004. These reforms did not prevent older workers from becoming unemployed or disabled but pushed them back into the labour market after a shorter period on benefits.â
Riekhoffâs dissertation published by the Finnish Centre for Pensions
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CONTACT: Finnish Centre for Pensions
KEYWORD: EUROPE NETHERLANDS FINLAND
INDUSTRY KEYWORD: PROFESSIONAL SERVICES HUMAN RESOURCES RESEARCH SCIENCE
SOURCE: Finnish Centre for Pensions
Copyright Business Wire 2018.
PUB: 09/20/2018 02:45 AM/DISC: 09/20/2018 02:45 AM
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